Banknotes / Demand Notes

Demand Notes

Years 1861-1862

Demand Notes were the first paper money dollar in wide public circulation issued by the U.S. The money were printed only in the years 1861-1862 and only in three denominations of $ 5, $ 10 and $ 20. The purpose was to cover costs of the Civil War. The name "Demand Notes" comes from the fact that these notes were exchanged during the war at the request of the coin. The first money were printed in a private printing house and further sheets were transported out to the Treasury. The Treasury officials hand-signed, separated notes and introduced into circulation. These notes have not got yet the sign of the Treasury Seal and were not signed by the Secretary of the Treasury. Due to the intense green color of the reverse the notes were called "greenbacks"". In 1862, Congress withdrew Demand Notes and introduced in their place banknotes United States Notes also called Legal Tenders.

5 $ - The Statue of Liberty from the Capitol building is placed on the left side of obverse of the bill. On the right side portet of Alexander Hamilton the first Secretary of the Treasury. On the reverse oval shapes containing the digits 5.

$ 10 - On the left side of the bill is a portrait of Abraham Lincoln - sixteenth President of the United States. On the right side, standing female figure representing art. In the middle, an American bald eagle - the national symbol of the United States. On the reverse side of the bill in the middle Roman designation of number ten -X- and x inside the small squares.

$ 20 - On the obverse of the note in the center there is a figure of a standing woman emboding the Liberty (Freedom) holding a sword in his right hand and in the left hand holding shield. On the reverse, there are numbers 20 in the ovals surrounded by eight-beam stars.