Banknotes / Federal Reserve Notes

Federal Reserve Notes



Years 1914-today

Federal Reserve Notes are the only kind of notes that are currently being produced to this day. The first series of banknotes was established in 1914 under the Act of 1913 years of the Federal Reserve System. Banknotes from two series of 1914 and 1918 were produced in a large size (7.4218 × 3.125 inch = approximately 189 × 79 mm). From 1928 to the present the banknotes are produced in small size (6.14 x 2.61 inch = approximately 156 × 66.3mm).

Below some series and denominations of banknotes:



Federal Reserve Notes - large size

Federal Reserve Notes in large size (7.4218 × 3.125 inch = approximately 189 × 79 mm) were produced only in two series in 1914 and 1918.



Series 1914

The first series of large banknotes was produced is 1914. Denominations: $ 5, $ 10, $ 20, $ 50 and $ 100. These notes have black and white colors on the obverse and have a blue seal of the Treasury Department of the United States (although originally planned red color). Reverse is in the colors of green and white.

5 $ - On the obverse of the banknote: in the middle is Abraham Lincoln the sixteenth President of the United States. On the reverse side: on the left side the figure of Christopher Columbus on board looking out for land. On the right side of the reverse: the pilgrims arriving at the shore.

10 $ - Obverse: in the middle Andrew Jackson - the seventh president of the United States. On the reverse, on the left the agriculture and on the the right side the industry.

20 $ - On the obverse of the banknote: in the middle of Grover Cleveland - the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. On the reverse: mode of transports - on the left you can see the approaching locomotive, next to the car. In the background on the back - the plane. On the right side of the banknote: approaching steamer and a small boat. In the background, outline of the Statue of Liberty.

50 $ - Obverse of the banknote: in the middle Ulysses Grant - eighteenth President of the United States. On the reverse of the banknote is the entrance to the Panama Canal with the image of women as Panama.

100 $ - Obverse of the banknote: in the middle Benjamin Franklin - one of the founders of the United States. On the reverse: allegorical figures show from left to right: work, plenty, America, peace and trade.







Series 1918

Series 1918 is the second and the last series of banknotes in large size. In this series, high-denomination banknotes were produced: $ 500, $ 1,000, $ 5,000 and $ 10,000.

500 $ - bill featured John James Marshall - the fourth Chief Justice of the United States on the obverse. On the reverse scene depicting Hernando de Soto discovering the Mississippi River.

5000 $ - on the obverse James Madison - fourth President of the United States. Reverse side of the banknote features the resignation of General George Washington.

10000 $ - on the obverse Salmon Portland Chase the sixth Chief Justice of the United States. On the reverse - early settlers in the colony Plymouth.



Federal Reserve Notes - small size



Series 1928 - 1995

series 1928 is the first series of banknotes produced in a small size. Since 1928, due to cost savings in production it was decided to reduce the size of the banknotes to size 6,14 inch x 2,61 inch = 156 × 66.3mm. The 1928 series was produced in denominations: $ 5, $ 10, $ 20, $ 50, $ 100, $ 500, $ 1,000, $ 5,000, $ 10,000 (the first $ 1 bill is a series of 1963, and the first $ 2 bill is a series of 1976). Series 1928 is basically the oldest series of modern banknotes Federal Reserve Notes in the small size which can still be found in circulation.

The banknotes are in black and white colors on the obverse with green color of the Great Seal of the United States Department of the Treasury and green serial number. Reverse remained in green-white color.

1 $ - The first series of small size one dollar banknotes is serie 1963. The appearance of this note despite the changes of other denominations remained unchanged to this day. On the obverse is George Washington - the first president of the United States. On the reverse of the banknote is the Great Seal of the United States, on the left side reverse of the Seal and on the right side of banknote obverse of the Seal.

2$ - The first series of two dollars banknotes in small size is series 1976. This series was created to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence - as well as quarter coins, half dollar coins and one dollar coins of 1976. Despite the changes of other denominations, the appearance of this note is still remained unchanged, and is in production to this day.

On the obverse of the two dollar banknote is Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States. On the back of banknote - the scene with an image of John Thrumbulla - Declaration of Independence replaced the previous image of building Monticello.

5 $ - On the obverse of the banknote in the middle is Abraham Lincoln - the sixteenth President of the United States. On the reverse of the banknote in the middle of building the Lincoln Memorial. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was 1995.

10 $ - The obverse of the banknote: in the middle Alexander Hamilton - the first Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. On the reverse side the U.S. Treasury building. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was printed in 1995.

20 $ - On the obverse of the banknote Andrew Jackson - the seventh President of the United States. On the reverse of the banknote shows presidents office building - the White House. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was 1995 series.

50 $ - On the the obverse of the banknote in the middle Ulysses Grant - eighteenth President of the United States. On the reverse side the Capitol building. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - this last printed series was 1993 series.

100 $ - On the obverse of the banknote in the middle Benjamin Franklin - one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. On the reverse side the building where the Declaration of Independence was signed - Independence Hall. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was in 1993.

500 $ - The obverse of the banknote shows William McKinley - the twenty-fifth President of the United States. On the back numbers 500 and the word denomination FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was 1934 series.

1000 $ - on the obverse of the banknote is Grover Cleveland is the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. On the back, the numbers 1000 and the word mark denomination ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last printed series was 1934 series.

5000 $ - in the middle of the obverse of the note is James Madison - the fourth President of the United States. On the back, the numbers 5000 and the word mark denomination FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was 1934 series.

10000 $ - on the obverse of the banknote is Salmon Portland Chase - the twenty-fifth Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. On the back, the numbers 10000 and the word mark denomination TEN THOUSAND DOLLARS. Currently, the bill is no longer printed - the last series was 1934 series.







Federal Reserve Note - War Editions



Series 1934 (War Edition - Hawaii)

For Americans, World War II began on 7 December 1941 with Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. After the attack, the United States military authorities considered that in case of the invasion of the Japanese in Hawaii a significant amount of U.S. dollars that could be taken over by the Japanese. The money would came from both public institutions and private individuals. Therefore, to prevent such an eventuality the governor of Hawaii Delos Carleton Emmons ordered the withdrawal from circulation all existing dollars in the islands. Instead, in June 1942, a special edition of dollars was introduced only just to Hawaii. Although physicall production in 1942 the series was 1934 and 1935 and came from from two issuers:

  • 1$ - Silver Certificate, series 1935
  • 5$ - Federal Reserve Note, series 1934
  • 10$ - Federal Reserve Note, series 1934
  • 20$ - Federal Reserve Note, series 1934

As you can see only one denomination banknote 1 $ was printed as a Silver Certificate. All the other denominations were Federal Reserve Note.

War edition Hawaiian banknotes distinguish from ordinary dollars: on the face of the banknote is a brown color of serial number and brown color of the Great Seal of the United States Treasury instead of blue color in ordinary dollars. In addition, the left and right edge of the banknote are printed with the word HAWAII. On the reverse of the banknote placed along large black print with the word HAWAII. In the case of the Japanese invasion on Hawaii, the U.S. government could thus declare that all banknotes printed with HAWAII word are worthless.

One dollar banknotes were printed in quantities of more than 35 million dollars and it was the most popular denomination of Hawaiian edition. Hawaiian war banknotes remained in circulation until 1944 and were finally withdrawn from circulation in 1946.

5 $ - On the obverse of the banknote in the middle is the sixteenth President of the United States Abraham Lincoln. The left and right edge of the banknote printed with word HAWAII. Brown color of the Seal and serial number. On the reverse of the banknote the Lincoln Memorial building, along the reverse a large inscription HAWAII.

10 $ - The obverse of the banknote in the center is the first U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton. The left and right edge of the banknote printed with word HAWAII. Brown color of the Seal and serial number. On the reverse of the banknote is the U.S. Treasury building, along the reverse a large inscription HAWAII.

20 $ - On the obverse of the banknote in the center is the seventh U.S. president, Andrew Jackson. The left and right edge of the banknote printed with word HAWAII. Brown color of the Seal and serial number. On the reverse, the seat of the presidents of the United States - the White House, along the reverse big inscription HAWAII.



Series 1996 - 2006

The appearance of banknotes $ 5, $ 10, $ 20, $ 50 and $ 100 significantly changed in the above series. The obverse features magnified images of the characters and the characters are shifted slightly to the left. Reverse of the banknotes is practically the same - images of buildings, but the layout has been changed. Appearance of notes $ 1 and $ 2 remained unchanged, while the high denominations of $ 500 and above have been completely removed from production.

5 $ - Abraham Lincoln the sixteenth President of the United States is on the obverse of the banknote. On the reverse in the middle of banknote - the Lincoln Memorial.

10 $ - The obverse of the banknote shows Alexander Hamilton - the first Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. On the reverse of the U.S. Treasury building.

20 $ - On the obverse of the banknote is Andrew Jackson - the seventh President of the United States. On the reverse, the presidents office building - the White House.

50 $ - Ulysses Grant - eighteenth President of the United States is on the obverse of the banknote. On the reverse side - the Capitol building.

100 $ - Na awersie banknotu znajduje się Benjamin Franklin - jeden z założycieli Stanów Zjednoczonych. Na rewersie budynek w którym podpisano deklarację niepodległości - Independence Hall. Benjamin Franklin - one of the Founders of the United States is on the obverse. The reverse side shows building where the Declaration of Independence was signed - Independence Hall.



Series 2004 - present

Since 2003 a new series were introduced into circulation. The series have significant change in the look of the notes. The first bill of the new 2004 series is a denomination of $ 20 which was issued on October 9, 2003. As in the previous editions (series 1996-2006) appearance of banknotes $ 1 and $ 2 became unchanged and the highest denomination banknote remained $ 100. Images of characters on the face of banknotes are not surrounded by an oval, as in previous editions. Additionally each obverse is provided with the United States special distinctive symbol.

5 $ - New banknotes have a background in shades of purple. The first series 2006 banknotes were put into circulation on March 13, 2008. On the obverse of the banknote is Abraham Lincoln the sixteenth President of the United States and a symbol - Great Seal of the United States. On the reverse of the banknote in the middle - Lincoln Memorial building and a large purple color number 5 on the right bottom of the banknote.

10 $ - Background of the new banknote is in orange color. The first new $10 notes were put into circulation March 2, 2006, as a 2004 series. On the obverse of the banknote in the middle shows Alexander Hamilton - the first Secretary of the Treasury of the United States. On the left side large symbol - the torch of the Statue of Liberty, on the right side a small torch and the words "We the People" consisting of the United States Constitution. On the reverse of the U.S. Treasury building.

20 $ - New banknotes have background in green color. The first series 2004 was introduced in October 9, 2003. On the obverse of the banknote is Andrew Jackson - the seventh President of the United States. On the right side, the large symbol - eagle with an olive branch and arrows in its claws. On the left side, small symbol - heraldic eagle and shield. On the reverse - the presidents office building - the White House.

50 $ - New banknotes have a background in tones of pink color. On 28 September 2008, the first 2004 series was introduced. The obverse of the banknote shows Ulysses Grant - eighteenth President of the United States and a symbol - the flag of the United States. On the reverse side, the Capitol building.

100 $ - Najnowszy banknot studolarowy jest w tonacji turkusowej. Wprowadzono go do obiegu najpóźniej ze wszystkich banknotów bo 11 lutego 2011 roku jako seria 2009. Na awersie banknotu znajduje się jeden z założycieli Stanów Zjednoczonych Benjamin Franklin oraz fragment Deklaracji Niepodległości. Oprócz tego gęsie pióro i kałamarz. Na rewersie znajduje się budynek w którym podpisano deklarację niepodległości - Independence Hall oraz duże oznaczenie nominału 100 w poprzek banknotu po prawej stronie. The newest one hundred dollar bill is in turquoise shadows. The latest banknote (of the new series) was introduced into circulation on February 11, 2011, as a 2009 series. On the obverse of the banknote is one of the Founders of the United States, Benjamin Franklin and a part of the Declaration of Independence. In addition, the obverse features the quill pen and inkwell. On the reverse side there is a building where the Declaration of Independence was signed - Independence Hall - and a large sign with the denomination number 100 across the banknote on the right.